The BBC website today reports the identification of 20 genes which could help explain the causes of kidney disease could one day “revolutionise” treatment, researchers say. Chronic kidney disease affects about one in 10 adults and can require dialysis or even an organ transplant. In the study, published in Nature Genetics, an international team of scientists including researchers at the University of Edinburgh, looked at the genes of nearly 70,000 people across Europe. They found 13 new genes that influence renal function and seven others that affect the production and secretion of creatinine – a chemical waste molecule that is generated from muscle metabolism and filtered through the kidneys.